Ledhar - Myphalia

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Ladher                         Info. by Rizwan Abbas Tarar

Locations

Village Ladher is located in District Mandi Bahauddin. It can be reached by moving along on the Roard od Gujrat Sarjoda Mandi Bahauddin From Phalia It is away from District Mandi Bahauddin 21 KM and 5 KM from Phalia To Mandi bahauddin Side  towards south and

Geographical Position

Village is divided in to Twoparts: one is the MAIN VILLAGE (Ladher Kalan )and other is the LADHER KHURD. Bus stop of the village From Mandi Bahauddin To Ladher  Three Types of Convance in Mandi Bahuddin Bus & Vagon Stop one Mandi To Gujrat Buses Second Mandi-To-Phalia & Qadarabad & Fasalibad other Hiace from M.B.Din to  Gujrat.

Area of the Village

Total area of the village is about 48 squares that is about 1200 acres in which no one in the village contain more than 40 acres so no one is a big fish but it is almost equally distributed among prominent families.

Brief History

Ladher was resedent of THATI MUREED andVillage Ladher is after the name of a person known as Ladher. It is said that “Ladher��? and “Thatti Shah Muhammd��? “Ghognwali��? “Raja Teragher��?were the children of a “Khaddia��? Ladher was resident of thathi murreed and was engaged in churund Barat came and Stay between Ladher Kalan & Khurad near Ahli They asked for water from resident of Ahli but they denied to water them and said that we do not drink and not give water for drink to any where. They do not water them instead much insistence spiritual leader ‘Pir��? was ALSO WITH Lather’s. Who was belonged to “FATTAH SHAH PUR��? and his name is “-Jafar Hussain Shah“Pir sahib prayed to Allah .in result of his pray many evil sprits (ghost) destroyed whole old Village of Ahly. We could found many Pottery (pots)   if dinged even today before Dhol Rajah was situated near Keloo and Phalia a Place name Ghamoo kee lokerie .Rajah’s and Gondal’s pound that strangers are occupied on their \forms , so they decided to have fight with Lather’s Rajah’s and Gondal’s came for fight along with dholes etc.  The cause of fight was this that Ladher was tarar Tarar’s last Border was tarar Tarar’s last border was Phalia Dhol Ranjha is first border or first Ranjha’s village in Punjab .Where are there are Ranjha’s in Punjab they all belonged from dhoul Ranjha tarar called thair for father’s for help to fight agenest Ranjha and gondal’s .when Tarar’s came from Hafazaabad & Gujranwala to fight agents Ranjha’s along with their Dhools atc. The number of tarar’s freighted the Ranjha’s so they ceasefire and singed reconciliation with ladher’s. Ladher is child of KHIDA & KHIDA had other Childs Also .In which GHOOGAWALI, THATHI SHAH MUHAMMAD RAJA, TRIGHAR, and also Ladher.Ladher is the first child of KHIDA. First resident of ghogwali and nextThati shah Muhammad and then barat go to chround.
Situation in 1947
(Waiting)

Neighbouring Villages

Neighbouring villages of Ladher are Dahoul Ranjha,Maken, Mangat, Bahout ,Madharay, Chani Joia Shah, Thati Bawa , Phalia City , Ladher Khurad, Madharay,Ratowal, Makawal, Kaliou, etc.

Population

It is not  a very big village only about 700 houses are in it and about 2500 peoples live in them. All the population of the village is muslim among them all are SUNNY except one house that is of SHIA. No non-muslim is there in the village.

Registered voters

The number of registered voters in the village is 1100 among them almost half of them are of female voters. Although village is small but at the time of election village splits into three parts. Each group tries to cast votes against each other. At the time of BD elections both males and females cast vote but at National and Provincial Assembly elections only males cast their votes.

Major Castes

Major casts of the village are
1. Tarar
2. Saroway
3. Mughal
4. Barkhay
5. Kasbi
6. Kumhar
7. Machhi                                              
8. Lohaar
9. Mochi
10.Tarkhan
11. Muslim Sheikh
12. Nai
13.Ranjha

Important Bradaries

Famous Clans of the village are:
1.      Tarar
2.      Kaasbi
3.      Toulay
4.      Mehr Ke
5.      Barkhay
6.      Salranay
7.      Pindyanay
8.      Dhanu Ke
9.      Jalu Ke
10.Bahadar Ke

Famous Personalities

Important personalities of the village are as follows:
1. Safdar Iqbal Tarar (Old Chairmain)
2. Bashir Ahaman  (old Chairmain)
3. Qamar Abbas Shah (High Tec Teals & Cloth)
4.  Master Muhammad Anayat Tarar
5.  Shahid iqbal Tarar(old Councler)
6.   Muktar Ahmed tarar
7.  Hamayoun Shahazad Tarar
8.  Atif Shahzd Tarar
9.  Humayoun Shahzad Tarar
10. Fahad Ali Tarar
11. Muhammad Hussain ( EYE Surgeon)
12. Moazzam Adeel Tarar
13. Faisal Tarar
And among new generation
#   Moazazam Adeel Tarar
#   Hamayoun Shahazad Tarar
#   Atif Shahzd Tarar
#   Tasawar Iqbal Tarar

Means Of Earning

Majority of the peoples earn their livelihood through agriculture. Few peoples are in Government services and among them most are in PATEOLING POLICE & POLICE and ARMY. Now there is trend among the youth to go abroad that’s why many peoples of the village are found in France,Spain, Greece, Itlay, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia, Muscat etc. in search of their earning.

Way of living                 

Peoples of the village live a simple life. They have very friendly behavior. Peoples are very much hostile, peaceful and sincere. Except few black sheeps vulgarity is an uncommon thing. People of the village go to their lands to care their cattles and crops and come back in the evening so they have a very busy life.Young boys play Cricket,& play cards in their extra time. Peoples of the village remains careful about fight and misbehavior because if any body do a little mistake other party persons quickly report to the police at THANA PHALIA.

Bazars And Markets

No Bazaars or Markets are present in the village only four General stores Utility Store (Karyana shops) are present which provide commodities of daily use. Peoples have to go Phalia or M.B.Din for major shopping and to Mangat for minor shopping.

Mosques          

There are total Nine mosques in the village, Five in the main village, one in the Alhie(Old Village Place) and one of SHAHIA’S Mosq Among them Three JAMIA Mosqs’s in the main village.The mosque along Near Darbar of Qabarstan is under construction
(waiting Picture)

Schools and Education

Literacy rate of the village is much better. Almost every child of the village goes to school. There are three shools in the village:
§  Govt.Center Primary School for Boys Ladher Kalan
§  Govt.Girls Community Middle School Ladher Kalan
(waiting Picture)

Highly Qualified Persons

Although the literacy rate is good but only few persons are Master degree holders among them:
§  Zafar Iqbal                                                     (M.A,Eng.)
§  Master Muhammad Abbas Tarar                     (B.A B.ed. English)
§  Master Akram                                                (Armed Ratired.)
§  Muhammad Arif Mian                                    (Teacher)
§  Master Shan Ali                                              (Head Master)
§  Rizwan Abbas Tarar                                         (MBA IT)
§  Sayad Naseer abbas Shah                                (Msc Math)
§  Main Ahmad Riza                                           (Msc Chemistary)
§  Raja Mushhtaq Ahamad                                  (……..)
§  Muzzam Adeel Anwar Tarar                           (…….)
§  Ch. Shahrish Pervaz Tarar                               (…….)
§  
And few females have also done Master degrees in different subjects.

Health Facilities             
  
There is no hospital in the village, only one Doctor is present which is serving whole village. One female Ledy Health Worker of the village is working as a Health Worker. She is creating awareness in females about health related problems.Now after her guidance females are very much aware of pregnancy and birth etc.Generaly peoples get medicine of minor diseases from Phalia and of major from M.B.Din.

Transportation

Village is located almost 5 KM towards Est  West  from Phalia-Mandi Bahauddin Road. People of the village travel on Buses,Vans from Ladher Bus Stop. Motor Cycles and Cycles are very common in the village which are used to go towards their lands or near by areas.

Media Facilities

In the village Television, Radio, Tape Recorder, PTCL Phones and Mobile Phones with services of all the Telecom companies are present in almost every house. Few homes in the village also possess COMPUTERS in them very rare people use internet.

Flora and Fauna

As the area is very productive both animals and plants love to stay here.
Domestic animals of the village are
1.      Buffalos (bhainsein)
2.      Cows and Bulls (gaey aur bael)                                         (Piture)
3.      Sheeps (bhairain)
4.      Goats (bakrian)
5.      Horses (ghoray)
6.      Donkeys (gadhay)
7.      Dogs (kutay)
8.      Cats (Bilian)
9.       Hens (murgean)
10.  Rabbits (khargosh)
11.    Pigeons (kabutar)
12. Fishes (in forms)
13.  Ducks (batkhain)

Animmals

1.      Jackals (geedarr)
2.      Snakes (saanp)
3.      Pigs (sours)
4.      Wild Cats (jangly billay)
5.      Fishes of many types
6.      Tortoises (kachhway)
7.      Parrots (totay)
8.      Sparrows and Finches (chirian)
9.      Sea Gulls (baglay)
10.Wild Ducks (murgabian)
Village land is very much fertile, availability of water is enough although soil not suitable for GYMNOSPERMS and FERNS but ANGIOSPERMS are very much common in the village which include both ornamental and wild. Important plant of the village are as under:
1.      Acacia species (kikar)
2.      Dalbergia sisso (tahli)
3.      Rosa indica (gulab)
4.      Orange species (maltay aur methhay)
5.      Guava (amrood)
6.      Mangoes (aam)
7.      Gomi (dhraik)
8.      Bamboo (Baance)

Crops of the village

Land of this village is very fertile almost every crop of the world can be grown here.People use peter engins for irrigation purposes. Major crops of the village are
1.      Wheat (gandam)
2.      Rice (chawal)
3.      Corn (mukai)
4.      Potato (aalo)
5.      Barley (jao)
6.      Sugar Cane (kamad)
7.      Sweet Pea (mator)
8.      Chicken Pea (chana)
9.      All Vegetables etc.
As the Village is small so basic facilities are absent  No hospital, No Markets,No High School for Boys Girls  therefore peoples especially females have to face many difficulties in order to fulfill their daily or occasional necessacities. Main problems of the village are as under.

Wastewater Removal System

The most prominent problem of the village is the removal of wastewater of homes and rain the main obstacle in this way is Lower Jehlum Canal (it cuts the village body from villagers own land) and land of other villages around this village. In the absence of severage system some people of the village has to face problems like accumulation of rain water in front of their houses, when the LAKE (chhapparr present in the center of the village) is filled with water it come out in the streets this not only paralyse life in their homes but also a source of many diseases like MALARIA,CHOLERA and SCABIES etc.      
                            
Problems of the Poor People

People of the village are not very rich nor very poor. Except few houses all other can earn their livelihood easily those who are poor they are helped by the other village people in the form of Fitrana or other things in the name of God so fortunately every one is able to eat honourably.

Educational Problems Faced by Girls

This is another main problem faced by students especially by Girls as there is no institute after 5th class so the girls have to face great hurdle in their career so most of them stop their education because villagers does not allow their girls to go away from their homes,so most of the girls are under middel if other want to carry on their education they do so either Privately through Board of Intermedate & Secandeery Education Gujranwala or  through Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad.

Promises made by the Political Leaders of the area

This is a very interresting  topic because when there is period of election especially of National and Provincial Assembly it looks that all the candidates are our own and they are in election only for our village because they solve all the problems of the village with their tongue in few minutes but as soon as they becomes leaders they even refuse to recognize their major supporters until the next election comes.

Crime rate in the Village

As it is already mentioned that most of the reports in Thana Malakwal belong to this village in which most are to pull legs or arms of the opposing party but the steeling of cattles is an important problem faced by villagers especialy JUTT families such Thieves does not belong to this village but to nearby villages whom names are not good to mention,  in this village few black sheeps in young generation are also going on wrong path.

                   GOD BLESS THIS VILLAGE(Ameen)
          For any objection contact at  tarar_2007(at)yahoo.com , mc070400654(at)vu.edu.pk
Rizwan Abbas Tarar 0321-7757121, 0345-7757121
 
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